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Choosing a Mental Health Therapist for Your Child

How do I choose a therapist?

A good place to start is asking your child's health care provider for a referral. Most pediatricians know mental health specialists who work with children. You might also contact people you know and ask if they can tell you about a good therapist.

You may need to meet with a few therapists before you find the one who works best for your child. Most therapists welcome the chance to meet for one session to answer your questions. Some charge a fee for this meeting so be sure to ask if there is a charge for the session when you set the appointment.

What questions should I ask?

To help you decide on the right therapist for your child, you may want to ask the following questions:

  • Is the therapist recommended by a person or professional organization you respect?
  • What education (bachelor's, master's, or doctorate degree) does the therapist have?
  • What training (areas of expertise) does the therapist have?
  • What experience (number of years doing therapy, in what settings, with what kind of clients) does the therapist have?
  • Is the therapist licensed? People with no training at all can call themselves psychotherapists or therapists. Licensed psychologists, psychiatrists, and certified social workers have met state and national requirements.
  • What experience does the therapist have with your child's particular problems, struggles, or diagnosis?
    • What percentage of his or her clients get better?
    • What percentage became worse?
  • Ask about the fees and fee schedule:
    • Do you pay after each session, monthly, or when billed?
    • Do you pay for missed sessions?
    • Are you charged for phone calls?
    • Is there a sliding fee scale?
  • Is the therapist on your health insurance plan?
  • What types of personal information will be provided to your insurance company? Your child's personal history? Drug and alcohol history? Past diagnoses and medicines taken? Current problems and diagnoses? How will the therapist send confidential information to your insurance company? Fax machine? Computer? Telephone?
  • Will the therapist work out a payment plan with you if you decide you don't want to file with your insurance company?
  • How does the therapist decide what information is shared with family members and what information is not shared? As a parent, you may expect that the therapist will tell you if your child is using illegal substances or is sexually active. The therapist may not expect to share this information with you. Ask about this at the first session.
  • Under what circumstances would the therapist share confidential information with others such as police, doctors, or employers?
  • What kind of therapy does the therapist recommend for your child?
    • Does the therapist mainly focus on your child's thoughts, feelings, or behaviors?
    • Will the therapist focus on your child as an individual or will therapy include other family members?
    • How long are the sessions? (30 minutes? 50 minutes?)
    • Is the therapist available to see your child after or before school?
    • About how many sessions will therapy take?
  • What goals and results does the therapist suggest for your child? Are you satisfied with these?
  • How do you reach the therapist in case of an emergency?
  • Can the therapist prescribe medicine if needed?
  • Above all, are you and your child comfortable with the therapist and do you both trust him or her?
    • Did your child feel listened to?
    • Did the therapist follow your child's lead? Did the therapist seem genuine to you? Did your child feel respected by the therapist?
    • Does the therapist seem to understand and listen to your child?

Children benefit most from therapy if they develop a trusting relationship with their therapist. The relationship that you and your child have with the therapist is the most important factor to consider in your decision.

Written by Pamela Daniel, PhD
Published by McKesson Provider Technologies.
Last modified: 2006-08-14
Last reviewed: 2006-07-31
This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.
Copyright 2006 McKesson Corporation and/or one of its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved.
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